PSA Test is a single rapid health test detecting Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA). High levels of PSA may indicate prostate cancer, prostate inflammation or enlarged prostate.
High levels of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) may indicate prostate cancer, prostate inflammation or enlarged prostate.
This is a fingertip blood drop test, and you will have to collect a blood sample with the included sterile lancet.
Description of PSA test:
- Qualitative detection of Prostate Specific Antigen
- The presence of the colored line in the test region indicates that the presence of PSA in the specimen is more than 3 ng/mL for a positive result
- Easy to use and clear instructions in English
The result is available right away.
Prostatitis – is a term that defines inflammation of the prostate gland. It can be described as an infection, but in some cases, the inflammation happens without any infection. Only around 5-10% of cases are caused by bacterial infection, which prevents the risk of getting prostate cancer.
The Prostate-specific antigen is a glycoprotein that belongs to the kallikrein family and is produced by the prostate epithelial cells. The gene encoding PSA is located on chromosome 19. The protein has a protease activity and degrades semenogelin. Semenogelin gives rise to the coagulation of semen and is especially relevant for fertility. PSA has a molecular weight of 28.4 kDa.
A major component of the prostate-specific antigen is represented by its complexes with α1—antichymotrypsin (ACT) and α2-macroglobulin (AMG); a minor component circulates as a free form of prostate-specific antigen. The prostate-specific antigen has a relatively long half-life of which lasts approximately 22-33 hours and as a result, it may take 2 or 3 weeks for the serum Prostate-specific antigen to return to the baseline after certain procedures such as transrectal biopsy, transurethral resection of it, and radical prostatectomy.
Levels of this specific antigen typically increase due to benign or malignant disorders of the prostate and therefore PSA blood tests used in the diagnostic and monitoring of prostate diseases.
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